Development of Information Technology
The term “information technology” first appeared in a Harvard Business Review article in 1958. Several categories of information technology were defined by authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler:
- Information processing techniques that are quick
Decision-making based on statistical and mathematical models
The “computer-assisted simulation of higher-order thinking.”
“While many aspects of this technology remain unknown, it appears evident that it will rapidly enter the managerial scene, with significant and far-reaching implications for managerial organisation,” they said.
It’s evident that Leavitt and Whisler were onto something major six decades ago. Information technology now encompasses everything that organisations do with computers. Building a company’s communications networks, safeguarding data and information, creating and administering databases, assisting employees with computer or mobile device problems, and a variety of other tasks to ensure the efficiency and security of business information systems are all examples of information technology.
Examples of Information Technology
When it comes to IT job paths, examples range from small consulting firms to large global enterprises, and from highly technical specialisations to management positions that require strong interpersonal skills. Here are a few examples of possible routes:
Computer Support Specialist – If you enjoy answering questions about computer software and hardware, setting up equipment, and educating computer users, this role is right for you. This position requires a thorough understanding of a wide range of software, including database interface programmes, development of environment tools, and operating system software. According to the BLS, the typical annual income for this job is $53,000, and positions in this field are rising at a quicker rate than the national average.
Network and Computer Systems Administrator
A bachelor’s degree in a computer-related discipline is typically required for this position, while some organisations may simply demand an associate degree or postsecondary certificate. In either case, these occupations are frequently open to individuals with no prior work experience in the sector, and according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, they earned an average of $82,000 in 2018. Maintaining computer network hardware and software, backing up data, and resolving network difficulties are all possible daily activities in this position. You’ll need to be familiar with database administration software, as well as network monitoring and web platform development tools, to complete this task.
Computer Network Architect
This is a step up the professional ladder for network administrators, and it often involves a bachelor’s degree and prior IT experience. Intranets, local area networks (LANs), and wide area networks are all designed and built by people in this role (WANs). According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for this type of work was $109,000 in 2018. Many software systems, including as administration tools, development environment software, and operating system applications, are required of network architects. Because network architects may need to engage with customers, sales and marketing employees to meet customer requests and ensure accounts are set up effectively, there is often a human element to this position.
This rapidly expanding sector entails the protection and security of sensitive data such as financial data and customer shipping records. Jobs in specialised corporations that provide services to other businesses or in data-intensive industries like insurance are common. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median income for this job was $90,000 in 2018. Most firms need candidates for these positions to have a bachelor’s degree in a field linked to information or computers. Understanding database management software, as well as operating system tools, development environment and web platform software, and enterprise resource planning tools, is also beneficial.
Computer Systems Analyst
Also known as a system architect, this position necessitates a thorough understanding of both IT and business systems. The conventional background for this position, like with many other information technology jobs, is a bachelor’s degree in computer or information science, but some people come to it after studying business or even liberal arts. Strong computer abilities are required, which may include programming tools, database management software, and development environment software. Simultaneously, those performing this function must be able to use computer systems to address company management challenges such as workflow, inventory control, and manufacturing processes. Work in this field will expand as more firms use cloud computing. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for this job was $88,000 in 2018.